National Council of Teachers of English
Connie L. Bowman
The National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) was founded in 1911, by a group of educators from Chicago Teachers College. This group of 54 recognized a need for reform in the curriculum and instruction of English language education. In 1919, NCTE membership had grown from the original 54 and was recognized as a national organization. Membership was divided into three divisions: elementary, secondary, and postsecondary with voting rights granted to all but student and affiliate members. In 1947, a group of NCTE members interested in advancing reading instruction formed the International Council for the Improvement of Reading Instruction, later named International Reading Association (IRA). Then in 1948, the Conference on College Composition and Communication was formed to address the needs of composition and communication teachers at the college level. NCTE's current membership is more than 60,000 members, representing elementary, middle, and secondary schools; college and university faculty; teacher educators; ...