Garland, David (1955–)
Bryan R. Hogeveen
David Garland is one of the foremost scholars of punishment in the United States. His oeuvre can be divided into two broad projects. First, he has successfully carved out a domain of study that can broadly be termed the sociology of punishment. Second, he has explored the history of criminology. Both fields of study have been enormously influential. In his work on criminology, Garland (2002) set out “to trace its historical conditions of emergence, identify the intellectual resources and traditions upon which it drew, and give some account of the process of its formation and development” (p. 14). His work has an obviously historical bent, yet he does not search for inherent causes or unique events. Rather, Garland's approach is historical only so far as he recognizes the contingency of modern phenomena and problematizes their takenfor-granted existence. The point, he says, “is not to think historically about the past but ...